It's important that sport and recreation organisations reflect the diversity of the communities in which they operate, and have practices in place to help them achieve their inclusion goals. The Coaching Association of Canada has said that “inclusion must be a foundational pillar of our sport system” and that leaders must continue to implement “constructive ways to build inclusive and respectful sport experiences.”
Barriers to Participation
In 2015, Edmontonians identified the following as the top barriers that prevented them from being more physically active:
|1. Time constraints
||6. Inconvenient or inadequate facilities
||7. Family responsibilities
|3. Location of facilities
||8. Health reason
|4. Availability of programs
||9. Active transit issues
In addition to the barriers identified above, some residents also experience barriers due to culture, gender (identity), language, disability, or lack of familiarity with the Canadian sport and active recreation environment. Fewer women/girls participate in sport and active recreation than men/boys primarily due to psycho-social factors and programming choices. Recent immigrants may also have language challenges. Cultural practices may also discourage participation. Disabled populations may experience access challenges and lack of appropriate programming.
Diversity is the range of our different identities, backgrounds, and perspectives. Each person has layers of identity that make their perspective unique. When identities overlap, they can create a cumulative disadvantage.
Inclusion creates an environment in which we all feel like we belong and are valued for our unique perspectives and skills. An organization can be diverse, without being inclusive. When an organization is inclusive, the diversity is implicit. If we want to be successful with inclusion, we must intentionally plan for it – if we are not specific and clear about how we create inclusion in sport spaces and places, we will continue to fail those on the margins.
Diversity and inclusion are linked. An inclusive organization or group is one that acknowledges and respects diversity, recognizes barriers to inclusion and works to actively meet the needs of individuals with varied and diverse backgrounds. In other words, diversity is the what, inclusion is the how.
Those organizations which do not include diversity and inclusion education and/or the outcomes of increasing social inclusion and equitable access to participation in their strategic plan will need to revisit their plan. To assist organizations strategic planning resources and examples for the sport and active recreation sector are found at www.edmontonsport.com/organization_resources/strategic_planning.
Within the review, organizations should consider incorporating the Canadian Paralympic Committee’s self-assessment tool (https://paralympic.ca/diversity-and-inclusion-self-assessment) which is applicable to more than just parasport as it can help organizations to identify areas on where to start. Canadian Women and Sport has also created the Temperature Check self-assessment tool which helps organizations to determine where their current capacity in gender equity lies.
The resources in the links below will assist sport and active recreation organizations develop, implement and evaluate their policies and practices affecting inclusion and diversity in their programs.
Kidsport Calgary and Edmonton Diversity & Inclusion in Sport Discussion Series
What is Diversity & Inclusion?
Including Gender Identities in Sport
For currently available learning opportunities, check the Workshops, Conferences & Webinars page.
The Sport Information Resource Centre has posted two Sport Canada publications:
The Abilities Centre (Durham and Ottawa), Calgary Adapted Hub powered by Jumpstart, and One Ability have come together in the co-creation of a free accessible virtual facilitation training series. The five-part video series includes tips and tricks to make virtual programming accessible for all.
The free Sport, Leadership and Social Change webinar series critically examines how leadership, communication, and sport intersect to influence our culture and impact social change. Topics include women and leadership, social development, gender equity, human rights, and diversity and inclusion.
Inclusive Physical Literacy provides extensive links to resources and programs that have been identified as best practices.
EverybodyMoves Hub is a place for front-line staff, programmers, trainers, coaches and organizational leaders to find practical, useful resources and examples on how to make physical activity more inclusive for more of the community. From facilities to program design to signage, marketing and policy development, the EverybodyMoves Hub will have a resource that covers it.
The following links provide information and resources for specific under-represented populations in sport and active recreation. Although using sport for development is less common in Canada, it may play a role in certain environments.